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Bioma

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Archivo:Río de la Jungla.png
Un río cruzando un bioma de jungla. Arriba a la derecha hay un bosque.
Un río cruzando un bioma de meseta. Abajo a la derecha hay una sabana.

En caso de que no sepas lo que es un "bioma", es una zona climática utilizada en el juego para establecer qué tipo de superficie tiene el terreno (¿arena?, ¿césped?), si llueve o nieva, qué árboles crecen allí y, en ocasiones, qué tipo de animales pueden aparecer.

~ Jens Bergensten [1]

Los biomas son regiones en el mundo de Minecraft que se diferencian por características geográficas, flora, temperatura, altitud, nivel de humedad, color del cielo y color del follaje. Los biomas determinan distintos ecosistemas dentro de un mundo, como bosques, junglas, desiertos o llanuras, entre otros.

Temperatura[editar | editar código]

Los biomas tienen un valor de temperatura que determina si nieva, llueve o si esta despejado o con nubes. Los valores requeridos son menos de 0.15 para la nieve, 0.15 - 0.95 para la lluvia, o más de 1.0 para ninguno. Estos valores se pueden usar para determinar las alturas que genera la nieve en diferentes biomas. La temperatura también cae 0.00166667 (1600) por metro sobre el nivel del mar predeterminado (Y=64), pero no cambia por debajo del nivel del mar. Por ejemplo, las Colinas extremas generan nieve en Y=95, debido al clima de las tierras altas, ya que el valor base es 0.2, y las Sabanas no experimentan lluvia o nieve debido a su calor. La configuración de "nivel del mar" de un mundo personalizado no afecta esto.

Los biomas se dividen en 5 categorías según su temperatura: de nieve, fríos, medios, secos/cálidos y neutros. Se separaron para evitar que los biomas con grandes diferencias de temperatura se ubiquen uno al lado del otro (como la taiga fría junto al desierto) y para permitir que los biomas con temperaturas similares se sitúen uno al lado del otro con más frecuencia. (Como bosques y pantanos)

Tipos de biomas[editar | editar código]

Plantilla:IN, Actualmente, hay 67 biomas de Overworld, 1 bioma Nether (5 biomas Nether con Java Edition 1.16), 5 biomas End y 2 biomas no utilizados, con un total de 75 biomas diferentes (79 biomas diferentes en Java Edition 1.16). Plantilla:IN, sin embargo, hay 66 biomas de Overworld, 1 bioma Nether (5 biomas Nether con la edición 1.16.0 de Bedrock), 1 bioma End, y 3 biomas no utilizados, con un total de 71 (74 con la edición 1.16.0 de Bedrock). Los biomas pueden distinguirse por el color de la hierba y de las hojas (el color del agua también difiere entre los biomas del bioma, junto con los tipos de bloques presentes (por ejemplo, tipos de árboles u otras plantas como cactus, cobertura de arena en los desiertos)). Los biomas se generan pseudo-aleatoriamente usando la semilla del mapa

Los biomas se separan en 6 clases de temperatura. Los nevados tienen su temperatura indicada en púrpura, frío en verde, templado/exuberante en naranja, seco/caliente en rojo, y el final en azul. Los biomas de temperatura neutra o desconocida no tienen ninguna clase de temperatura. Las temperaturas se dan a nivel del mar.

Snowy biomes[editar | editar código]

En estos biomas, siempre nieva en lugar de llover, sin importar la altura; todas las fuentes de agua expuestas al cielo están congeladas

aqua, and the water is purple.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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Snowy Tundra
12

Temperature: 0.0

Snow, Snowfall, Oak Trees[Java  solo], Ice, Spruce Trees, Igloos, Strays, White and some Black & White Rabbits, Polar Bears, Occasional Tall Grass, Villages, Pillager outposts

An expansive, flat biome with a huge amount of snow layers. Sugar cane generates in this biome, but can become uprooted when chunks load as the water sources freeze to ice. There are few natural oak[Java  solo] and spruce trees in this biome. No animal mobs other than rabbits and polar bears are able to spawn, however, it is one of the few biomes where strays appear. In Bedrock, this biome doesn't spawn monsters other than strays and skeletons, but spawners can still spawn monsters. Due to the biome's size and scarcity of wood and animals, initial survival becomes difficult in comparison to other biomes. This is one of only two biomes where igloos naturally generate. Villages and pillager outposts may also generate here.
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Ice Spikes
140

Temperature: 0.0

Packed Ice, Ice, Snow, Snowfall, Snow Blocks, Strays, White and some Black & White Rabbits, Polar Bears, Ice Spikes

A rare variation of the Snowy Tundra biome that features large spikes and glaciers of packed ice. Usually, the spikes are 10 to 20 blocks tall, but some long, thin spikes can reach over 50 blocks in height. Glaciers replace lakes and are called Ice Patches in code. Almost all grass blocks in this biome are replaced with blocks of snow but occasional grass blocks can be found in hollows and under overhangs. Tall grass is rare. Like the regular snowy tundra, no animal mobs other than rabbits and polar bears are able to spawn and strays appear at night.
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Snowy Taiga
30

Temperature: -0.5

Snow, Snowfall, Ice, Spruce Trees, Flowers, Wolves, White and some Black & White Rabbits, Foxes, Igloos, Villages[Bedrock  solo], Pillager outposts, Sweet berry bushes

Much like the regular Taiga, the Snowy Taiga has large expanses of spruce trees, ferns, and their taller variants, generate here commonly, although tall grass can still be found. It is one of the few places where wolves and foxes spawn naturally. One may also find an igloo nestled between the trees from a more or less flat terrain, making it one of only two biomes where igloos naturally generate. Villages[Bedrock  solo] and outposts[Bedrock  solo] may also generate here. Villages use the same architecture as taiga villages but the villagers wear snowy biome outfits.
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Snowy Taiga Mountains
158

Temperature: -0.5

Spruce Trees, Snow, Snowfall, Ferns, Wolves, Sweet berry bushes, Foxes, White and some Black & White Rabbits

The Snowy Taiga Mountains are not nearly as flat as their regular counterpart. Compared to the regular Taiga Mountains, the mountains found in this biome are much steeper and more erratic. These large height differences make navigating the snowy taiga mountains biome quite dangerous. Also unlike their normal variant, igloos, villages and outposts do not generate here.
Archivo:Snowy Taiga Mountains.png
Snowy Taiga Mountains
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Frozen River
11

Temperature: 0.0

Ice, Water, Sand, Clay, Seagrass, Rabbit, Polar Bear, Salmon, Drowned, Stray

A river with a layer of ice covering its surface. It generates only when a River biome enters or meets a Snowy Tundra. Salmon spawn underwater while rabbits and polar bears spawn on ice. At night, Drowned can spawn below the ice with Strays on the surface. No other monsters can spawn here, even underground, except in a spawner.
Frozen River
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Snowy Beach
26

Temperature: 0.05

Arena, Nieve, Nevada, Hielo, Tesoro enterrado, Naufragio, conejo

Como en una playa normal, se puede encontrar mucha arena en este bioma y se pueden encontrar tesoros enterrados. Sin embargo, la arena está cubierta por una capa de nieve. Las playas nevadas se encuentran a menudo cuando un bioma nevado .No hay multitudes pasivas que no sean conejos engendran en este bioma.

Cold biomes[editar | editar código]

In these biomes, it begins to snow above y=90 in mountains and stone shore, above y=120 in taiga and giant spruce taiga, and above y=150 in giant tree taiga. Otherwise, it rains. Foliage is aqua as in snowy biomes, with the water being indigo.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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Mountains
3

Temperature: 0.2

Oak Trees[Java  solo], Spruce Trees[Java  solo], Gravel, Flowers, Emerald Ore, Infested Stone, Llamas

A highland biome with some mountaintops reaching y=130, with a few scattered oak and spruce trees. Cliffs, peaks, valleys, waterfalls, overhangs, floating islands, caverns, and many other structures exist here, offering outstanding views. This is one of the few biomes where llamas spawn naturally. Snowfall also occurs above certain heights, thus creating snow layers on the top of the mountains. Falling is a significant risk, as there are many steep ledges large enough to cause severe fall damage or even death. Mountains are the only biomes where emerald ore and silverfish can be found naturally.
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Gravelly Mountains
131

Temperature: 0.2

Spruce Trees[Java  solo], Oak Trees[Java  solo], Gravel, Llama, Emerald ore, Infested stone, Snow

The mountains in this biome are slightly higher than in their regular counterpart[Java  solo], many of which reach into the clouds and are covered by snow peaks. The terrain is mainly composed of gravel, with small patches of grass here and there. Due to the low amount of grass, the population of spruce and oak trees in this biome is sparse. When generating alongside an Ocean Biome, it can generate cold or normal beaches.
Archivo:Gravelly Mountains.png
Gravelly Mountains.
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Wooded Mountains
34

Temperature: 0.2

Stone, Dirt, Llama, Emerald ore, Infested stone, Spruce Trees, Oak Trees

This biome, usually found in the middle of regular mountains biome, generates much taller mountains, most of which are covered by snow. The slopes are quite steep, which makes scaling these mountains difficult and dangerous. The peaks feature much more grass and spruce trees than the Gravelly Mountains, usually forming a small forest at the top.
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Gravelly Mountains+
162

Temperature: 0.2

Spruce Trees, Oak Trees, Gravel, Llama, Emerald ore, Infested stone, Grass

This variant of the Wooded Mountains biome removes its signature spruce tree covered peaks in favor of terrain covered mostly by gravel and stone, similar to the Gravely Mountains biome. Larger, deeper valleys are carved into the relatively barren landscape - only a few isolated trees can be found here. Just like the Gravelly Mountains Biome, when generating alongside an ocean biome, beaches generate.
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Taiga
5

Temperature: 0.25

Spruce Trees, Flowers, Fern, Wolves, Brown, salt & pepper and black rabbits, Villages, Pillager outposts, Foxes, Sweet berry bushes,

A predominantly flat biome covered by a forest of spruce trees. Ferns, large ferns and berry bushes grow commonly on the forest floor. You find packs of wolves here, along with small groups of foxes or rabbits. Villages may generate in this biome; the houses in these villages are built of spruce wood. Pillager outposts may also generate here.
Taiga
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Taiga Mountains
133

Temperature: 0.25

Spruce Trees, Flowers, Ferns, Sheep, Brown, salt & pepper and black rabbits, Sweet berry bushes, Foxes

The Taiga Mountains biome also features large spruce forests, but these forests are overlayed onto mountainous terrain. Unlike Taiga Hills, these mountains tend to be larger and more difficult to climb. Perhaps owing to the rough nature of this biome, no villages nor outposts can be found here.
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Giant Tree Taiga
32

Temperature: 0.3

Spruce Trees, Podzol, Ferns, Wolves[Java  solo][próximamente: BE 1.16.0], Brown, salt & pepper and black rabbits[Java  solo], Foxes, Mossy Cobblestone, Mushrooms, Dirt, Coarse Dirt, Dead Bush

The Giant Tree Taiga is a rare cold biome composed of spruce trees, much like the standard Taiga biome. However, some trees are 2×2 thick and quite tall, akin to large jungle trees. Mossy cobblestone boulders appear frequently, brown mushrooms are common, and podzol can be found on the forest floor. There are also patches of coarse dirt that do not grow grass, with some dead bushes. Wolves and foxes may also spawn here, as they do in normal Taiga biomes. Rabbits may also spawn here in Java Edition.
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Giant Spruce Taiga
160

Temperature: 0.25

Spruce Trees, Podzol, Ferns, Grass, Foxes, Wolf[Java  solo][próximamente: BE 1.16.0], Mossy Cobblestone, Mushrooms, Dirt

The terrain in this rare biome is almost exactly the same as in its regular counterpart. However, the most striking feature of this biome is its giant spruce trees, which are essentially a scaled-up version of regular spruce trees. One can easily differentiate this from a normal Giant Tree Taiga by observing how the leaves almost completely cover the tree trunks, whereas, in normal Giant Tree Taigas, leaves tend to cover only the top.
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Stone Shore
25

Temperature: 0.2

Stone, Gravel, Water, Buried Treasure

True to its name, this stone-covered biome often appears where mountain biomes meet the ocean. Depending on the height of the nearby land, Stone Shores may generate as medium slopes or huge cliffs, its tops tall enough to be covered by snow. No passive mobs spawn here. Buried treasure can generate here.

Temperate/Lush biomes[editar | editar código]

In these verdant biomes, it begins snowing over the 256 block height limit, snow does not generate naturally. Otherwise, it rains. The foliage and grass is a vibrant light green, except for swamps and dark forests, which have dark green grass. Rivers and birch forests are also exempt from this, as they have a dull aqua hue. The water is blue in this biome.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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Plains
1

Temperature: 0.8

Tall Grass, Grass, Flowers, Villages, Horses, Donkeys, Pillager outposts, Oak Trees, Bee Nest

A flat and grassy biome with rolling hills and few oak trees. Lakes, small underwater caves and villages are common. Cave openings, lava lakes and waterfalls are easily identifiable due to the flat unobstructed terrain. Farm mobs are easily found in Plains biomes; this biome and its variants are also one of the only biomes where horses spawn naturally. Pillager outposts may also be generated.
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Sunflower Plains
129

Temperature: 0.8

Grass, Sunflowers, Flowers, Donkeys, Villages[Bedrock  solo], Pillager Outposts[Bedrock  solo], Horses, Oak Trees, Bee Nest

Found within normal plains, this biome is the only place where sunflowers naturally generate, hence the name. They grow in abundance, making yellow dye a widely available resource.
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Forest
4

Temperature: 0.7

Oak and Birch Trees, Flowers, Wolves[Java  solo][próximamente: BE 1.16.0], Bee nests[Java  solo][próximamente: BE 1.16.0] Mushrooms

A small and very common biome, with a lot of oak and birch trees, occasional hills and a fair amount of tall grass, mushrooms and flowers. This is one of the most preferred biomes to start out in, due to the abundance of wood. Like in taigas, wolves are found.
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Flower Forest
132

Temperature: 0.7

Flowers, Trees, Brown, salt & pepper and black rabbits, Bee Nest

This Forest variant has fewer trees, but more than makes up for it - it is almost overflowing with nearly every type of flower and tall plant in the game, several of which grow only in this biome. Therefore, this biome is optimal for harvesting and farming dyes. Wolves do not spawn in the flower forest, although rabbits spawn occasionally.
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Birch Forest
27

Temperature: 0.6

Birch Trees, Flowers, Bee nests[Java  solo][próximamente: BE 1.16.0]

A forest where the grass is aqua and only birch trees generate. Unlike in the regular Forest, no wolves spawn.
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Tall Birch Forest
155

Temperature: 0.7

Tall Birch Trees, Flowers Bee nests[Java  solo][próximamente: BE 1.16.0]

Birch trees grow much taller than usual in this uncommon variant of the Birch Forest biome. Whereas normal birch trees grow up to 7 blocks tall, these trees usually are 11 blocks in height. This makes deforestation a much more difficult task, although it provides the player with far more resources. Additionally, the terrain in this biome is much rougher and more erratic than birch forest hills.
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Dark Forest
29

Temperature: 0.7

Dark Oak trees, Huge Mushrooms, Mushrooms, Rose Bushes, Woodland Mansions

This biome is composed of dark oak trees, a mostly closed roof of leaves, and occasional large mushrooms. Trees in this forest are so packed together, that it's dark enough for hostile mobs to spawn, even during the day. On rare occasions, a woodland mansion may spawn. Therefore, the Dark Forest is the only biome in which the woodland mansions can be found.
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Dark Forest Hills
157

Temperature: 0.7

Dark Oak Trees, Huge Mushrooms, Woodland Mansions

A variant of the Dark Forest where large hills dominate the canopy. While increased light in the forest means slightly fewer mobs, the steep cliffs lining this biome still make it dangerous to navigate on foot.
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Swamp
6

Temperature: 0.8

Swamp Huts, Oak Trees, Grass, Vines, Lily Pads, Clay, Mushrooms, Slimes, Huge Mushrooms[Bedrock  solo], Fossils, Seagrass

A biome characterized by a mix of flat areas around sea level and shallow pools of green water with floating lily pads. Clay, sand, and dirt are commonly found at the bottom of these pools. Trees are covered with vines and can be found growing out from the water. Mushrooms and sugar canes are abundant. Swamp Huts with a black cat and a witch generate exclusively in swamps. Slimes also spawn naturally at night, most commonly on full moons. Some zombies may end up underwater, which can transform them into drowned, making this an especially dangerous biome at night. Temperature varies within the biome, causing foliage and grass colors to vary.

Plantilla:IN, huge mushrooms also spawn in this biome. Visibility is also lower when the player is underwater.

Archivo:Swamp BE.jpg
Swamp in Bedrock Edition
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Swamp Hills
134

Temperature: 0.8

Oak Trees, Vines, Lilypads, Huge Mushrooms[Bedrock  solo], Water, Swamp huts[Bedrock  solo], Fossils

This rare biome has areas where small hills rise in slopes of varying degrees, surrounded by flatter marshes. Beaches generate when this biome borders an ocean biome. Plantilla:IN, Swamp huts do not generate in this biome, unlike the normal Swamp.
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Jungle
21

Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Jungle Pyramids, Ferns, Melons, Flowers, Vines, Cocoa Pods, Ocelots, Parrots, Bamboo Pandas[Bedrock  solo]

A dense and uncommon temperated biome. It features ferns and large jungle trees that can reach up to 31 blocks tall with 2×2 thick trunks. Oak trees are also common. The landscape is lush green and quite hilly, with many small lakes often nestled into deep valleys, sometimes above sea level. Leaves cover much of the forest floor—these "bush trees" have single-blocks of jungle wood for trunks, surrounded by oak or jungle leaves. When inside a jungle, the sky becomes noticeably lighter as in dry biomes. Vines are found alongside most blocks and may cover the surface of caves. Ocelots, pyramids, melons, cocoa, pandas and parrots exclusively generate in this biome. Melons generate in patches, similar to pumpkins, but are common.
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Modified Jungle
149

Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Ferns, Melons, Flowers, Vines, Cocoa Pods, Ocelots, Parrots, Bamboo Pandas[Bedrock  solo]

Much more mountainous version of the normal Jungle, with foliage so thick that the ground is barely visible. This biome is demanding of a player's survival resources. One may confuse this with the Jungle Hills, but the hills in the Modified Jungle biome tends to be sharper and more erratic. Due to the combined height of the terrain and of the tall jungle trees, trees in this jungle frequently reach above the clouds. Extremely dense foliage and treacherous terrain make this biome difficult and dangerous to navigate, especially at night.
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Jungle Edge
23

Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Ferns, Melons, Flowers, Vines, Cocoa Pods, Ocelots, Parrots, Bamboo Pandas[Bedrock  solo]

This biome represents a smooth transition between jungles and other biomes. In stark contrast to the wild and overgrown vegetation of the jungle biomes, the jungle edge consists of a few small and isolated jungle trees, with patches of melons here and there. The terrain is relatively flat, with some small rises in elevation. All mobs that spawn in the Jungle, including parrots, ocelots, and pandas[Bedrock  solo], also spawn in the Jungle Edge.
Jungle Edge
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Modified Jungle Edge
151

Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Ferns, Melons, Flowers, Vines, Cocoa Pods, Ocelots, Parrots, Bamboos Pandas[Bedrock  solo]

The terrain in this biome is a slightly more hilly and rugged version of the normal Jungle Edge, though some large and flat sections of it are often hard to distinguish from its standard variant. Modified Jungle Edge is the rarest biome in the game and usually generates only when Modified Jungle biomes meet Swamp Hills biomes. The result is a two-layer transition zone that includes a Modified Jungle Edge along the side of the Modified Jungle, and a thin border of normal Jungle Edge on the side of the Swamp Hills. Since Modified Jungles and Swamp Hills are both already rare biomes, in addition to the fact that Modified Jungles are less likely to spawn on the outside edges of jungle biome groups, the Modified Jungle Edge biome is extremely rare. The strict conditions that are needed for its generation also make it a small biome when it does occur, usually no longer than 150 blocks on its long side and less than that for width.
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Bamboo Jungle
168

Temperature: 0.95

Jungle Trees, Oak Trees, Podzols, Vines, Ocelots, Jungle Pyramids[Java  solo], Melons, Parrots, Bamboos, Pandas

The terrain in this biome is covered by grass with some patches of podzol. Unlike the normal Jungle, bushes still generate but do not cover the floor. Additionally, only large jungle trees can generate here along with large or balloon oak trees. The density of trees in this biome is much less compared to jungle edge, but massive amounts of bamboo shoots generate covering this biome. Jungle exclusive mobs such as ocelots and parrots can spawn in here. Panda exclusively spawn in this biome[Java  solo] or have a much higher spawn rate than in regular jungle.[Bedrock  solo] Jungle pyramids can also generate.[Java  solo]
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River
7

Temperature: 0.5

Water, Sand, Clay, Sugar Cane, Seagrass, Salmon, Squid, Drowned

A biome that consists of water blocks that form an elongated, curving shape similar to a real river. Unlike real rivers, however, they have no current. Rivers cut through terrain or separate the main biomes. They attempt to join up with Ocean biomes, but sometimes loop around to the same area of ocean. Rarely, they can have no connection to an ocean, instead of forming a loop. The grass have a dull aqua tone, much like the ocean, and trace amounts of oak trees tend to generate there as well. Rivers are also a reliable source of clay. These biomes are good for fishing, but drowned can spawn at night. Mobs other than salmon, squid and drowned cannot spawn in this biome, even underground, except in a spawner.
River
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Beach
16

Temperature: 0.8

Sand, Gravel, Water, Sugar Cane, Turtles, Buried Treasure, Shipwreck

Generated where oceans meet other biomes, beaches are primarily composed of sand. Beaches penetrate the landscape, removing the original blocks and placing in sand blocks. These are also useful for fishing. Passive mobs other than turtles do not spawn on beaches. For the history of beaches, see the Beach page.
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Mushroom Fields
14

Temperature: 0.9

Mushrooms, Huge Mushrooms, Mycelium, Mooshrooms, No Hostile Mobs

This rare biome consists of a mixture of flat landscape and steep hills and has mycelium instead of grass as its surface. However, any grass placed appears in a bright green color, even brighter than in the Jungle. Mushroom fields are most often adjacent to an ocean and are usually found isolated from other biomes, and they are typically a few hundred blocks wide. It is one of the only biomes where huge mushrooms can generate naturally, and where mushrooms can grow in full sunlight.

No mobs other than mooshrooms spawn naturally in this biome, including the usual night-time hostile mobs. This also applies to caves, mineshafts, and other dark structures, meaning exploring underground is safe. However, mob spawners still spawn mobs, wandering traders along with their llamas can spawn, raids can still spawn illagers, and the player can still breed animals and spawn mobs using spawn eggs.

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Mushroom Field Shore
15

Temperature: 0.9

Mushrooms, Huge Mushrooms, Mycelium, Mooshrooms, Buried Treasure, Shipwreck, No Hostile Mobs

Mushroom Field Shores represent the transition between mushroom fields and the ocean, forming long strips between the biomes as a "beach", hence the name. However, it does not generate if the ocean biome is a Deep Ocean. This biome also generates when a river meets a Mushroom Fields biome, similar to what Frozen Rivers do in Snowy Tundras. The terrain of this biome is much more flat and shallow than the main Mushroom Fields biome, though it contains many of the same features, such as a mycelium surface layer, huge mushrooms, and lack of hostile mobs, but shipwrecks and buried treasure can generate here.

The End biomes[editar | editar código]

The End is considered a different dimension. The water is lilac.[Bedrock Edition only]

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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The End
9

Temperature: 0.5

End Stone, Endermen, Obsidian, End Crystals, Ender Dragon, End gateway portal, Void

This biome is used to generate the circle of radius 1000 centered at the 0,0 coordinates in the End. The End central island is generated at the center of this circle, and it's surrounded by a complete vacuum all the way to the edge of the biome. Most of the End features are exclusive to that island, including the ender dragon, the obsidian pillars, the End Crystals, the 5x5 spawn platform, the exit portal and the 20 central End gateways. Large amounts of endermen spawn in this biome. It does not rain or snow in this biome unlike the other low-temperature biomes. The outer islands in the End can be accessed using the End gateway portal after the ender dragon has been defeated. If the biome is used for a superflat world, the sky appears nearly black and an ender dragon spawns at the 0,0 coordinates in the Overworld. Only endermen spawn at night.

Plantilla:IN, this biome contains the entire End dimension.

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Small End Islands
40

Temperature: 0.5

End stone, Endermen, End gateway portals, Void

[Java  solo]
Generates as part of the outer islands of the End. This biome represents the empty expanse between the larger islands, populated only by the smaller, circular islands.
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End Midlands
41

Temperature: 0.5

End stone, Endermen, End gateway portals, End Cities, Shulkers

[Java  solo]
Generates as part of the outer islands of the End. This biome represents the gradual slope from the hilltops of each island down to the cliffs around the edge. End cities generate here, but chorus trees do not.
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End Highlands
42

Temperature: 0.5

End Stone, Endermen, Chorus Plants, End Cities, Shulkers, End gateway portals

[Java  solo]
Generates as part of the outer islands of the End. This biome represents the hilltops of each island, and is the only biome in the End where both chorus trees and end cities generate.
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End Barrens
43

Temperature: 0.5

End stone, Endermen, End gateway portals

[Java  solo]
Generates as part of the outer islands of the End. This biome represents the outer rims of each island, with steep cliffs below the edge. Neither end cities nor chorus trees generate in this biome.

Dry/Warm biomes[editar | editar código]

In these biomes, it neither rains nor snows at all, but the sky still turns overcast during inclement weather. The foliage and grass is an olive tone, except badlands biomes, which have brown grass. The water is light green. As in jungle biomes, the sky becomes lighter. Additionally, a snow golem spawned or brought into one of these biomes melts unless it has the Fire Resistance effect.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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Desert
2

Temperature: 2.0

Sand, Cacti, Dead Bushes, Sandstone, Sugar Cane, Desert wells, Desert Pyramids, Desert Villages, Pillager Outposts, Gold Rabbits, Fossils, Husk

A barren and inhospitable biome consisting mostly of sand dunes, dead bushes, and cacti. Sandstone, and sometimes fossils, are found underneath the sand. The only passive mobs to spawn naturally in deserts are gold/creamy rabbits, their coloring well-camouflaged against the sand. At night, husks usually spawn in the place of normal zombies; the lack of visual obstruction makes hostile mobs highly visible. Sugar cane can be found if the desert is next to an ocean or river biome. Desert villages, desert wells, and desert pyramids are found exclusively in this biome. Pillager outposts can also generate here. This biome sometimes appears as a thin edge around badlands biomes.
Desert
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Desert Lakes
130

Temperature: 2.0

Sand, Cacti, Water, Sugar Canes, Gold Rabbits, Desert well, Fossils, Husk

In this biome, unlike the normal Desert, patches of water can be found, and the terrain is slightly more rough. Although desert wells can be found, desert pyramids, villages, and outposts do not generate in this biome.
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Savanna
35

Temperature: 1.2

Acacia Trees, Tall Grass, Savanna Villages, Horses, Cows, Pillager Outposts, Sheep, Llamas

A relatively flat and dry biome with a dull-brown grass color and acacia trees scattered around the biome, though oak trees may generate now and then. Tall grass covers the landscape. Villages can generate in this biome, constructed of acacia wood, with some colored terracotta. Pillager outposts can also generate here. Both horses and llamas naturally spawn here.
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Shattered Savanna
163

Temperature: 1.1

Acacia Trees, Oak Trees, Coarse Dirt, Tall Grass, Llama

Unlike the flat and calm terrain of the savanna biome, the chaotic terrain of this uncommon variant is covered in gigantic mountains covered in coarse dirt and some patch of stone. The mountains in the shattered savanna biome are extremely steep, jutting out at 90-degree angles, making it almost impossible to climb. Deep Ocean-like lakes also generate here. On top of that, they dwarf the mountains biome in height - they can rise far above the clouds, and even to the world height limit, without using the Amplified world type.[Java  solo] Massive waterfalls and lavafalls are quite common here. The unforgiving terrain means villages and outposts do not generate in this biome. Surprisingly, llamas can spawn here.
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Badlands
37

Temperature: 2.0

Dead Bushes, Terracotta, 6 colors of Terracotta, Red Sand, Cacti, Red Sandstone[Java  solo], Above ground mineshafts, Gold ore

A rare biome where large mounds of terracotta and stained terracotta generate. Red sand also generates here instead of regular sand, with occasional cacti and dead bushes, and this biome is usually bordered by a desert biome. No passive mobs spawn in this biome, even if all other spawning conditions are met. Mineshafts generate at a higher altitude than normal - occasionally a player may come across a mineshaft jutting out of the Badlands. Gold ore also occurs more frequently, because ore veins generate within badlands at a higher Y-level than the usual 32. The composition of this biome is useful when other sources of terracotta and gold are scarce. However, finding badlands biomes can be difficult due to their rarity. On the other hand, it offers great variety; six variations of this biome are available to explore.


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Eroded Badlands
165

Temperature: 2.0

Red Sand, Cacti, Red Sandstone[Java  solo], Dead Bushes, Terracotta 6 colors of Terracotta, Above ground mineshaft, Gold ore

This rare biome generates unique terrain features that are similar to the structures in Utah's Bryce Canyon. Tall and narrow spires of colorful terracotta rise out of the floor of the canyon, which like all other badlands variants, is covered in red sand. Deserts do not generate alongside this biome.
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Wooded Badlands Plateau
38

Temperature: 2.0

Oak trees, Dead Bushes, Dirt, Terracotta, 6 colors of Terracotta

One might not notice the difference between the normal badlands plateau and this variation, if it weren't for the layer of coarse dirt and the small forests of oak trees that generate atop these plateaus. The color of the grass and leaves is a dull green-brown hue, giving it a dried and dead appearance. These trees are a rare source of wood when living in the otherwise barren and lifeless badlands.
Archivo:Wooded Badlands Plateau.png
Wooded Badlands Plateau
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Modified Wooded Badlands Plateau
166

Temperature: 2.0

Oak trees, Dead Bushes, Dirt, Terracotta, 6 colors of Terracotta

This biome features grass and oak trees on top of plateaus, much like its counterpart. However, the plateaus that generate here are generally smaller, allowing far less foliage to generate. The terrain is more erratic, and can be compared to that of the similar Modified Badlands Plateau biome, having an old and eroded appearance. Deserts do not generate alongside this biome.
Archivo:Modified Wooded Badlands Plateau.png
Modified Wooded Badlands Plateau
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Plateau(s)
36, 39

Temperature:

Badlands Plateau : 2.0
Savanna Plateau : 1.0

Savanna plateau biomes are similar to the Hills biomes, but generate only within Savanna, while badlands plateau generate as actual biomes in Badlands biomes, and are flattened at the top, much like real-life plateaus. They come to rest at an elevation of about 20 to 30 blocks above sea level. One may discover the entrance to a mineshaft within the tall slopes of a Badlands Plateau.
Savanna Plateau
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Modified Plateau(s)

164, 167

Temperature:

Modified Badlands Plateau : 2.0
Shattered Savanna Plateau : 1.0

Two rare variants of the plateau biomes, which are variants themselves. However, neither of these biomes closely resemble their counterparts.

Compared to the average Badlands Plateau, the Modified Badlands Plateau features more variable terrain and smaller plateaus, as if a larger plateau was weathered down over time.

The terrain of the Shattered Savanna Plateau biome is much less tame than its normal counterpart. It features incredibly large and steep mountains that jut out of the terrain, similar to the Shattered Savanna biome, albeit slightly smaller and gentler in comparison. Rain can occur in shattered savanna plateau.[Bedrock  solo]

Archivo:Modified Badlands Plateau.png
Modified Badlands Plateau
Archivo:Shattered Savanna Plateau.png
Shattered Savanna Plateau

Nether biomes[editar | editar código]

Like the End, the Nether is a different dimension. All biomes in this dimension are dry and it is not possible to place water in these dimensions, though ice can still be placed.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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Nether Wastes
[próximamente: JE 1.16 y BE 1.16.0]
Nether
8

Temperature: 2.0

Netherrack, Glowstone, Soul Sand, Nether Quartz Ore, Ghasts, Blazes, Zombie Pigmen, Nether Fortresses, Wither Skeletons, Lava, Magma cubes, Gravel, Magma Blocks, Bastion Remnants[próximamente], Ruined Portals[próximamente]

This is the biome used to generate the Nether. Within this biome spawn mobs such as ghasts, packs of zombie pigmen and the occasional magma cubes and endermen. Certain structures, such as Nether quartz ore & glowstone veins, and Nether fortresses generate only in the Nether. Water lakes (and other Overworld structures) can still generate if the Nether is used in a superflat preset. Beds explode when used in this biome.

Archivo:Nether.png
Nether Wastes, formerly only called "Nether"
Temperature: 2.0

Netherrack, Glowstone, Soul Sand, Stone, Water, Lava, Gravel, Nether fortresses (when generated through Buffet mode)

Temperature: 2.0

Stone, Lava, Water, Bedrock, Zombie Pigman, Ghast, Magma Cube (when generated in overworld)[Bedrock  solo]

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Soul Sand Valley
[próximamente: JE 1.16 y BE 1.16.0]
170
Temperature: 2.0

Soul Sand, Soul Soil, Soul Fire, Netherrack, Basalt in Basalt pillars, Bone Blocks in Nether fossils, Ghast, Skeleton, Endermen, Bastion Remnants, Ruined Portals

The soul sand valley is a large grotto that is extensive and cuts through the Nether's usual terrain. Notable features of the biome are exposed nether fossils in various shapes and sizes, large amounts of lava, blue fog, large spires made of basalt, soul fire, and the occasional Nether fortress or Bastion remnant. The biome itself consists of soul sand, basalt and soul soil.

This biome is extremely dangerous to traverse due to the combination of ghasts and skeletons spawning here and soul sand slowing down the player's movement speed, making it easy for a player to get overwhelmed by projectile attacks. In addition, ghasts fireballs impacting soul sand or soul soil can create soul fire, which is more harmful than regular fire if players get caught in it. It is recommended to avoid this biome unless players have sufficient equipment/strategies to navigate the terrain. The Soul Speed enchantment is especially helpful for travelling through this biome.

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Crimson Forest
[próximamente: JE 1.16 y BE 1.16.0]
171
Temperature: 2.0

Crimson Nylium, Crimson Fungi, Warped Fungi, Crimson Roots, Glowstone, Weeping Vines, Huge Crimson Fungi, Nether Wart Blocks, Shroomlight, Hoglins, Piglins, Zombified Piglins, Bastion Remnants, Ruined Portals

The Crimson Forest is a “red” crimson-themed biome, with warped and crimson fungi as well as huge crimson fungi scattered around the environment.

There are huge fungi structures that contain weeping vines hanging off them and may also have a few blocks of shroomlight. The floor of the biome is covered in crimson nylium, with crimson roots growing. Occasional patches of netherrack and red nether wart blocks are found scattered throughout the biome. In the ceiling, apart from glowstone clusters, there are sparse nether wart block stalactites with vines growing.

Piglins, zombified piglins and hoglins naturally spawn in this biome. As long as players equip at least one piece of gold armor, piglins should not cause any trouble. Hoglins can also be repelled by staying close to warped fungi. However, without these countermeasures, this biome can be fairly hostile to navigate. Nevertheless, the abundance of hoglins in this biome makes it a great source of food in the Nether, and the high population of piglins makes this biome an ideal location to barter with them.

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Warped Forest
[próximamente: JE 1.16 y BE 1.16.0]
172
Temperature: 2.0

Warped Nylium, Crimson Fungi, Warped Fungi, Warped Roots, Nether Sprouts, Huge Warped Fungi, Warped Wart Blocks, Shroomlight, Enderman, Bastion Remnants, Ruined Portals

The warped forest is a dense, “blue” warped-themed biome, with warped and crimson fungi as well as huge warped fungi scattered around.

The huge fungi structures may have a few blocks of shroomlight scattered around them. The floor of the biome is covered in warped nylium, with warped roots and nether sprouts growing. Occasional patches of raw netherrack and warped wart blocks can be found scattered throughout the biome.

Apart from Striders, Endermen are the only mobs that spawn in this biome, making the warped forest an ideal location to collect ender pearls to access the End. This biome is also a relatively safe place to reside in the Nether, due to the fact that no hostile mobs spawn here. However, do note that other hostile mobs can still spawn from Bastion remnants that generate here, as well as from Nether fortresses that have cut into a warped forest after generating in another biome.

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Basalt Deltas
[próximamente: JE 1.16 y BE 1.16.0]
173
Temperature: 2.0

Basalt, Blackstone, Netherrack, Lava, Magma Cubes, Striders, Ghasts, Ruined Portals

A gray biome, the basalt deltas are said to be the remnant of ancient volcanic eruptions.

The ground consists of basalt and blackstone blocks, with small patches of netherrack and pools of lava. The shape of the terrain is chaotic and uneven, making it somewhat difficult to traverse and build on. Unlike the other biomes in the Nether, Bastion remnants do not generate in basalt deltas. When this biome borders a lava ocean, clusters of basalt form near the coast.

Magma cubes have a high spawn rate in this biome, making the Basalt Deltas the best place to farm Magma Cream. This biome also contains a much higher abundance of blackstone compared to other Nether biomes.

Ocean biomes[editar | editar código]

Oceans are large, open biomes made entirely of water going up to y=63, with underwater relief on the sea floor, such as small mountains and plains, usually including gravel. Oceans typically extend under 3,000 blocks in any direction; around 60% of the Overworld's surface is covered in ocean. Small islands with infrequent vegetation can be found in oceans. Passive mobs sometimes can spawn on these islands, as hostiles can. Squid spawn frequently in the water. Underwater cave entrances can be found frequently at the bottom of the ocean.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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Warm Ocean
44

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins
Pufferfish, Squid, Tropical fish, Warm underwater ruins, Coral reef, Coral Blocks, Corals, Coral Fans, Sand, Sea Pickles, Seagrass, shipwrecks, Andesite[Bedrock  solo], Granite[Bedrock  solo], Diorite[Bedrock  solo], Dead Coral Fans[Bedrock  solo], Dead Coral Blocks[Bedrock  solo], Magma Blocks

A variant of the Ocean biome, with light green water at the surface. Like the Lukewarm Ocean, it has a floor made of sand, and like all oceans, it is populated with seagrass. Unlike other ocean biomes, Warm Oceans allow for the generation of coral reefs and sea pickles, but not kelp.
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Lukewarm Ocean
45

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Pufferfish[Java  solo], Tropical fishes[Java  solo], Squid, Salmon[Bedrock  solo] Cod, warm underwater ruins, Sand, Dirt, Clay, Drowned, Kelp, Seagrass, Shipwrecks, Magma blocks

A variant of the Ocean biome, with light teal water at the surface. Its floor is made of sand with the occasional dirt or clay, and it contains kelp and seagrass. Unlike the Warm Ocean biome, cod and salmon[Bedrock  solo] can spawn here.
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Deep Lukewarm Ocean
48

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Pufferfish[Java  solo], Tropical fishes[Java  solo], Salmon[Bedrock  solo] Cod, warm underwater ruins, Sand, Dirt, Clay, Drowned, Squid, Kelp, Seagrass, Ocean monuments, Guardians, Elder guardians, shipwrecks, Magma Blocks

Similar to the Lukewarm Ocean biome, but twice as deep. Because they are a Deep Ocean variant, they can generate ocean monuments, resulting in the spawning of guardians, elder guardians, prismarine, and sponges.
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Ocean
0

Temperature: 0.5

Water, Gravel, Squid, Sand, Seagrass, Kelp, Shipwreck, Cold Underwater ruins, Cod, Salmon[Bedrock  solo], Drowned, Magma block

The basic Ocean biome. Like its colder variants, its floor is made up of gravel. Sea grass, kelp, cod and salmon[Bedrock  solo] can spawn here.
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Deep Ocean
24

Temperature: 0.5

Water, Gravel, Clay, Squid, Guardians, Elder Guardians, Ocean monuments, Shipwreck, Cold underwater ruins, Kelp, Seagrass, Cod, Salmon, Drowned, Magma Block

A variant of the Ocean biome. In Deep Ocean biomes, the ocean can exceed 30 blocks in depth, making it twice as deep as the normal ocean. The ground is mainly covered with gravel. Ocean monuments generate in deep oceans, meaning guardian and elder guardian can spawn here. Underwater ravines often generate here, with the top layer of lava being replaced by magma blocks that create bubble columns.
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Cold Ocean
46

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Cod, Salmon, Cold underwater ruins, Gravel, Kelp, Seagrass, Dirt, Sand, shipwreck, magma blocks, squid, Drowned

A variant of the Ocean biome, with dark indigo water at the surface. Like regular Oceans and Frozen Oceans, its floor is made up of gravel, though you can find some patches of dirt. Salmon are able to spawn in Cold Ocean biomes.
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Deep Cold Ocean
49

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Cod, Salmon, Cold underwater ruins, Gravel, Kelp, Seagrass, Dirt, Sand, Ocean monuments, Guardians, Elder guardians, shipwrecks, Drowned, Squid

Similar to the Cold Ocean biome, but twice as deep. Like other Deep Oceans, ocean monuments are able to generate here, which contain guardians, elder guardians, prismarine, and sponges.
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Frozen Ocean
10

Temperature: 0.0

Ice, Packed Ice, Blue Ice, Water, Gravel, Clay, Squid, Sand, Cod[Bedrock  solo], Drowned, Salmon, Iceberg, Shipwreck, Cold underwater ruins, Stray, Polar Bear, Rabbit

A variant of the Ocean biome with dark purple water at the surface. Like the Cold Ocean, it has a gravel seabed and squid swimming about. However, the water's surface is frequently broken up by patches of ice and large icebergs, consisting of packed ice and, occasionally, blue ice. Strays and polar bears can spawn here, but dolphins do not.
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Deep Frozen Ocean
50

Temperature: 0.5

Salmon, Cold underwater ruins, Gravel, Ice[Bedrock  solo], Packed Ice, Blue Ice, Ocean monuments, Guardians, Elder guardians, iceberg, shipwreck, Polar Bear, Stray, rabbit, cod[Bedrock  solo], drowned, squid

Like the Frozen Ocean biome, the only fish that can spawn here are salmon and cod[Bedrock  solo], and the floor is made up of gravel. The Frozen Deep Ocean biome also contains ocean monuments and a deeper floor than normal Oceans, like other Deep Oceans. Unlike its shallow counterpart, the surface of the water is not frozen[Java  solo]. Frequent floating icebergs with blue ice generate here. Polar bears, rabbits, and strays can also spawn here, but dolphins do not.

Neutral biomes[editar | editar código]

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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The Void[Java  solo]
127

Temperature: 0.5

Stone, Cobblestone, Void

Can be accessed only through Buffet world selection or The Void superflat preset. In a Buffet world, the landscape consists only of stone, as well as water and bedrock depending on the generator type. In The Void superflat preset, the world is empty except for a single structure: a 33×33 stone platform with a single block of cobblestone in the center. No mobs (passive or hostile) can spawn without spawn eggs, spawners, or commands.
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Hills
13, 17, 18, 19, 22, 28, 31, 33, 156, 161

Temperature: Same as their respective base biomes. Hills are generated within certain biomes (including some of their variants) and are referred in the F3 menu with Hills or Mountains added to their name.

This includes: Wooded Hills, Taiga Hills, Snowy Taiga Hills, Jungle Hills, Desert Hills, Birch Forest Hills, Tall Birch Hills, Giant Tree Taiga Hills, Giant Spruce Taiga Hills, and Snowy Mountains.

Most hills are gentle rolling slopes on which the usual biome terrain generates, with some sharper cliffs here and there. Snowy Mountains are usually taller, with height comparable to mountains biomes, and have a lower chance of spawning passive mobs during world generation than other biomes (7% versus 10%).

Giant Spruce Taiga Hills are a special case. Plantilla:In, the game code sets the values setBaseHeight and setHeightVariation to define a "hilly" biome, but uses the same values as for its non-hill variant (Giant Spruce Taiga), meaning there is absolutely no terrain difference between the two biomes. Plantilla:IN, this biome generates as a hillier version of the Giant Spruce Taiga, but uses the same trees as the Giant Tree Taiga Hills (with leaves only at the top), resulting in the only difference between these biomes being non-terrain aspects like water color and temperature.

Archivo:Giant Tree Taiga Hills.png
Giant Tree Taiga Hills

Unused biomes[editar | editar código]

Artículo principal: Unused features

These biomes don't generate in default worlds.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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Mountain Edge
20

Temperature: 0.2

Grass, Dirt, Stone, Llamas, Emerald ore, Infested stone, Spruce trees, Oak trees, Snow

Similar to the jungle edge biome, the Mountain Edge used to generate exclusively at the edge of Mountain biomes in order to smooth the transition between biomes. This biome has lots of trees, similar to wooded mountains. While the terrain is lower and gentler in nature, some areas may reach high enough to be covered by snow. This biome doesn't generate naturally from Java Edition 1.7.2 onward.
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Deep Warm Ocean
47

Temperature: 0.5

Dolphins, Pufferfish, Tropical fishes, Warm underwater ruins, Sand, Seagrass, Ocean monuments, Guardians, Elder guardians, shipwrecks

Similar to the Warm Ocean biome, but without coral reefs nor sea pickles, and twice as deep. Because they are a deep ocean variant, they can generate ocean monuments, resulting in the spawning of guardians, elder guardians, prismarine, and sponges. This biome has never naturally generated.
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Legacy Frozen Ocean[Bedrock  solo]
-116

Temperature: 0.0

Polar Bears, Salmon, Cod, Strays, Cold underwater ruins, Gravel, Seagrass, kelp, Snowy Rabbits, Ice, shipwrecks

Similar to the Frozen Ocean biome, but without icebergs. Because they are a Frozen Ocean variant, they can spawn polar bears and strays, but not dolphins. Unlike the regular frozen ocean, Polar bear, drowned, squid, salmon, cod, Rabbits, skeletons and strays are only mobs that spawn here, kelp also generates here. This biome doesn't generate naturally from Pocket Edition Alpha 0.9.0 onward.

Removed biomes[editar | editar código]

Artículos principales: Biome/Before Beta 1.8 y Removed features

These biomes no longer generate in current versions of the game.

Biome Name and ID Features Description Screenshot
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Tundra

Temperature: <50%

Snow, Grass Block, Ice

Snowy, barren terrain with few trees. The occasional trees do exist, although rarely. Ice can be found over water. Snow is common weather in tundras. It generates when the temperature is below 50% and the rainfall is less than 20%.
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Rain Forest

Temperature: >97%

Grass Block, Grass, Oak trees, Birch trees

Rainforests are wet biomes with many trees, which have a 1 in 3 chance of being big, instead of 1 in 10 like all other biomes. They generate only oak trees and have a large amount of tall grass and ferns. A biome is classified as a rainforest if the temperature is greater than 97% and the rainfall is more than 90%. This could be the biome with some of the most cliffs and hills because the world generator reduces height variation at lower rainfalls.
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Seasonal Forest

Temperature: >97%

Grass Block, Grass, Oak trees

Seasonal Forests spawn with a temperature of 97% or greater, and a rainfall value between 45% and 90%. They are commonly found between forest and rain forests, and near plains biomes. They are identical to forests, except they have fewer trees and are capable of spawning only oak trees. They have a little bit of tall grass.
Error de Lua en Módulo:Sprite en la línea 139: attempt to index field 'settings' (a nil value).
Ice Desert

Temperature: 0.0

Sand, Snow, Ices

An unused biome before Beta 1.8 that was in the code but never implemented into the temperature/rainfall table and thus did not actually generate. It was a biome of sand with snow on top of it and had snowfall and ice.
Error de Lua en Módulo:Sprite en la línea 139: attempt to index field 'settings' (a nil value).
Shrubland

Temperature: >50%, <97%

Grass Block, Oak trees, Birch trees

A biome with few trees and no tall grass. It is identical to the savanna biome. It is one of the smallest biomes in the game and spawns only if the temperature is between 50% and 97%, and the rainfall value is below 35% and therefore too little to generate a forest.

Biome IDs[editar | editar código]

Artículo principal: Java Edition data values#Biome IDs

Cada tipo de bioma tiene su propio número de identificación, conocido como ID de bioma, el cual se muestra en esta tabla. Estos número se emplean a la hora de crear un mundo customized superflat. Los biomas principales tienen números ID del 0 al 39, mientras que las variaciones de biomas tienen el número 128 + <el número original del bioma>. Hay dos biomas que no se generan que son el (10) y el (20).

Número Bioma Variación Nombre de la variación
0 Ocean N/D N/D
1 Llanuras 128 Llanuras M
129 Sunflower Plains
2 Desierto 130 Desert M
3 Extreme Hills 131 Extreme Hills M
4 Forest 132 Flower Forest
5 Taiga 133 Taiga M
6 Swampland 134 Swampland M
7 Río N/D N/D
8 Hell N/D N/D
9 El End N/D N/D
10 FrozenOcean N/D N/D
11 FrozenRiver N/D N/D
12 Ice Plains 140 Ice Plains Spikes
13 Ice Mountains N/D N/D
14 MushroomIsland N/D N/D
15 MushroomIslandShore N/D N/D
16 Beach N/D N/D
17 DesertHills N/D N/D
18 ForestHills N/D N/D
19 TaigaHills N/D N/D
20 Extreme Hills Edge N/D N/D
21 Jungle 149 Jungle M
22 JungleHills N/D N/D
23 JungleEdge 151 JungleEdge M
24 Deep Ocean N/D N/D
25 Stone Beach N/D N/D
26 Cold Beach N/D N/D
27 Birch Forest 155 Birch Forest M
28 Birch Forest Hills 156 Birch Forest Hills M
29 Roofed Forest 157 Roofed Forest M
30 Cold Taiga 158 Cold Taiga M
31 Cold Taiga Hills N/D N/D
32 Mega Taiga 160 Mega Spruce Taiga
33 Mega Taiga Hills 161 Redwood Taiga Hills M
34 Extreme Hills+ 162 Extreme Hills+ M
35 Savanna 163 Savanna M
36 Savanna Plateau 164 Savanna Plateau M
37 Mesa 165 Mesa (Bryce)
38 Mesa Plateau F 166 Mesa Plateau F M
39 Mesa Plateau 167 Mesa Plateau M
127 El Vacío N/D N/D

Colores del Bioma[editar | editar código]

Archivo:Biomes.png
Biome colors template for 1.7.2 and above.
grass.png

The temperature and rainfall values of a biome are used when determining the colors of grass, foliage (excluding the stalks of flowers), and other features such as water and the sky.

A biome's rainfall value is typically a value from 0.0 to 1.0, and - as stated above - a biome's temperature starts at a given value at sea level (e.g. 2.0 for Desert or -0.5 for Cold Taiga) and decreases by 0.00166667 for each meter above sea level.

Biome grass and foliage colors are selected from two 256x256 colormap images: grass.png and foliage.png. Both colormaps, shown to the right, can be found in assets\minecraft\textures\colormap. The grass.png colormap sets the colors for the grass block top and sides (along with other types of grass, such as tall grass, ferns, double tall grass, etc.). Meanwhile, the foliage.png colormap sets the colors for tree leaves (with the exception of spruce and birch).

Biome colormaps use a triangular gradient by default. However, only the colors in the lower-left half of the image are used, even though the upper-right side of foliage.png is colored. Furthermore, as shown in the template image to the left, only select few pixels are considered when the colormap is read by the game, and are determined by the code below.

The adjusted temperature and adjusted rainfall values (recognized as AdjTemp and AdjRainfall in the code, respectively) are used when determining which biome color to select from the colormap. Treating the bottom-right corner of the colormap as Temperature = 0.0 and Rainfall = 0.0, the adjusted temperature increases to 1.0 along the X-axis, and the adjusted rainfall increases to 1.0 along the Y-axis. The values used to retrieve the colors are computed as follows:

 AdjTemp = clamp( Temperature, 0.0, 1.0 )
 AdjRainfall = clamp( Rainfall, 0.0, 1.0 ) * AdjTemp

"clamp" limits the range of the temperature and rainfall to 0.0-1.0. The clamped rainfall value is then multiplied by the 0.0-1.0 adjusted temperature value, which brings its value to be inside the lower left triangle. Some biomes' ranges are shown in the template above; the multiplication makes all the line segments point towards the lower right corner.

At borders between or among biomes, the colors of the block and its eight neighbors are computed and the average is used for the final block color.

Exact temperature and rainfall values for biomes can be found in various projects, e.g. this biome code.

Hard-coded colors[editar | editar código]

Certain biome colors are hard-coded, which means they are locked into the Minecraft code and are not retrievable from any texture file. Thus, they cannot be modified without the use of external tools, such as MCPatcher/OptiFine, that support the use of custom colormaps.

Swampland color[editar | editar código]

Swampland temperature, which starts at 0.8, is not affected by altitude. Rather, a Perlin noise function is used to gradually vary the temperature of the swampland. When this temperature goes below -0.1, a lush green color is used (0x4C763C) otherwise it is set to a sickly brown (0x6A7039). In addition, the color of the water in swamplands is always multiplied by a very light green tinge (0xE0FFAE).

Roofed forest color[editar | editar código]

The roofed forest biomes' grass color is retrieved normally, then averaged with a dark green color (0x28340A) to produce the final color.

Mesa color[editar | editar código]

Archivo:Skies.jpg
The color of the sky in two different biomes.

All mesa biomes' grass and foliage have hard-coded colors, which are two tan colors (0x90814D and 0x9E814D respectively). These are not modifiable by grass.png and foliage.png, and are unaffected by temperature.

Other colors[editar | editar código]

Several other biome colors are set into the game and currently require external tools in order to be changed. This includes blocks such as birch and spruce leaves and water (which have a hard-coded overlay set onto them), and other features such as the sky and fog.

Achievements[editar | editar código]

Plantilla:Carga de logros: Logro desconocido. Comprueba si hay diferencias en las mayúsculas. Si no es así, ¡añádelo!

Videos

Artículo principal: Biome/video [editar]

Advancements[editar | editar código]

Plantilla:Load advancements

History[editar | editar código]

Véase también: Biome/Before Beta 1.8
Archivo:Biomes Example.png
A very old image of biomes work-in-progress. "To the right of the player is a taiga, to the left is either a forest, or woods, I can’t remember. In the distance is probably tundra." ~ Notch
Archivo:NotchBiomeGraph.png
The biomes graph from Notch, prior to beta 1.8. Notice the chicken scratch handwriting, as Notch was working quick to try to get the biomes update out.
Archivo:BiomesGraph.png
The old biomes graph with linear axes.
Alfa
1.0.4Added Winter Mode. Maps now have a snowy or grassy theme randomly determined when creating the world.
1.2.0Added biomes; they were rain forest, seasonal forest, forest, shrubland, taiga, tundra, savanna, plains, swampland, desert, and frozen desert.
World saves remained unchanged, other than a change in the hue of the grass. If the player moves into ungenerated chunks, the new biomes would generate.
Beta
1.6Added the Sky Dimension with its own biome. It could only be viewed through the use of mods and hacks.
August 18, 2011Notch tweeted a screenshot of a revamped river biome.
1.8Biomes got an overhaul, removing some biomes, such as the tundra and the taiga, and others replaced with nine fractal-based biomes that were a mix of the previous biomes and new biomes. See here for more details.
Lanzamiento oficial
1.0.0Re-added tundra (as ice plains) and added Mushroom Islands.
1.1Re-added snow in taigas, added hills and beaches.
Smoothed color transitions between biomes – swampland grass, foliage and water smoothly transition into other biomes.
1.2.1January 18, 2012 Jens Bergensten tweeted a teaser screenshot of a new jungle biome.
January 19, 2012 He tweeted another jungle screenshot, showcasing the bright green foliage.
12w03aAdded jungle biome.
12w07aThe Anvil file format was introduced and it allows for biomes to be stored in the world data. In contrast, the Region file format relies on the seed to dynamically calculate biome placement. This would cause biome placement in older worlds to change when the biome generation code was changed. With the current Anvil format, the biome data is stored along with the rest of the world data, meaning it will not change after the world is generated and can be edited by third-party map-editing tools. Furthermore, "edge" biomes allow for biomes to continue extend beyond the edge chunks of an old world. This allows for smooth transitions in world generation after the generation code changes in an update.
1.3.1Hills in forests and deserts are taller.
1.6.113w17aWater lakes no longer generate in deserts.
1.7.2August 2, 2013 Jens tweeted the first image of the mesa biome. He jokingly referred to them as "disco mountains."
August 7, 2013 Jens tweeted the first image of a mega taiga, unofficially dubbed the Redwood Forest. The name was changed following 1.7's release.
August 9, 2013 Jens tweeted the first image of a stone beach, which was then referred to as a "cliff" biome.
13w36aMesa, mega taiga, roofed forest, birch forest, savanna, extreme hills+, deep ocean and snowless taiga biomes were added as well as variations for many of the biomes. Biomes were also separated by temperature, and snowing was added to extreme hills.
Biomes will attempt to avoid getting placed next to a biome that is too different from itself, temperature-wise.
The frozen ocean and extreme hills edge biomes no longer generate naturally.
Biome-hopping achievement "Adventuring Time" added, but it was broken until 1.8 making the goal of getting all achievements impossible in 1.7.
13w38bMarsh-like areas no longer generate in swamp biomes.
13w39aRed sand now generates in mesa biomes and their variants.
13w43aSavannas and roofed forest biomes now generate with new logs and leaves.
1.814w17aThe End's biome name is now "The End" instead of "Sky".
Adventuring Time is now available without commands. Before, the 38 biomes had to be visited without visiting any other biomes, which made the achievement unavailable because the End has to be visited for its prerequisite, The End?. The “no other biomes” restriction is now lifted.
Visiting the frozen ocean and extreme hills edge biomes, which no longer generate since 13w36a, is no longer required for Adventuring Time.
14w26aMarsh-like areas generate again in swamp biomes.
14w32aRed sandstone now generates below red sand in mesa biomes and their variants.
1.915w37aAdd new biome "The Void", which is used in Superflat preset "The Void".
1.1016w20aPlains and sunflower plains now have some trees (5% of chunks). 13 large oaks, 23 normal oaks.
Ice plains, ice plains spikes and ice mountains don't spawn passive mobs other than rabbits and the new polar bears anymore.
In mesa biomes, terracotta no longer generates more than 15 blocks deep, if the mesa is more than 15 blocks above sea level. In addition to the normal 2 veins of gold ore below Y=32, now attempts to generate 20 veins at elevations between 32 and 79. Also can generate dark oak abandoned mineshafts above ground.
Próximamente
1.1318w06aThe outer islands of the End biome are now divided up into four separate biomes: The End - Floating Islands, The End - Medium island, The End - High island, and The End - Barren island.
18w08aAdded ocean variants, including warm ocean, lukewarm ocean, cold ocean, warm deep ocean, deep lukewarm ocean, deep cold ocean, and deep frozen ocean.
Frozen ocean now generates naturally, for first time since 13w36a.
18w08bDeep warm ocean biomes no longer generate.
Pocket Edition alfa
0.9.0build 1All biomes as of PC version 1.7.2 have been added. These include: Jungles, mesa, plains, roofed forests, savannas, taiga, extreme hills, mushroom islands, flower forest, mega taiga, mega spruce taiga, swampland, desert, forests, and deep ocean.
0.9.5Added bryce mesa, extreme hills +, and jungle M.
0.10.0build 1Mesa biomes have gold at every elevation and can generate mine shafts on the surface.
Water in swamps is tinted dark gray.
Huge mushrooms generate in swamps
0.11.0build 1Added birch forest M, birch forest hills M, extreme hills M, and extreme hills+ M.
build 8Changed the default biome.
build 10Increased the amount of gravel on extreme hills M biome.
0.12.1build 1Added the Nether biome.
build 10Leaves coloring shaders are now only used when the color for a biome actually changes.
0.16.0The biomes can now be viewed on maps based on the grass color.
1.0Added End biome.
1.2Added snow to extreme hills.
Edición de consolas
Added swampland, ice plains, extreme hills and ocean biomesRemoved rain forest, seasonal forest, savanna, shrubland and taiga.
Re-added tundra (as ice plains) and added Mushroom Islands.
Re-added beaches and snow in taigas, added hills.Smoothed color transitions between biomes – swampland grass, foliage and water smoothly transition into other biomes.
Added jungle biome
Hills in forests and deserts are taller.
Water lakes no longer generate in deserts.
Added mesa, mega taiga, roofed forest, birch forest, forest, savanna, extreme hills+, deep ocean, snowless taiga and 20 technical biomes.Changed generation of marsh-like areas in swamp and extreme hills biomes.

Issues[editar | editar código]

Los problemas relacionados con "bioma" se mantienen en el rastreador de problemas. Informar (en inglés) en esta página sobre los errores que se encuentran.

Trivia[editar | editar código]

  • The term biome is analogous to its scientific usage: in real life, a biome is climatically and geographically defined by distinctive communities of plants, animals and soil organisms supported by similar climatic conditions. They are often referred to as ecosystems.[2][3]
  • Los unicos biomas inventados son el NETHER (Hell), El End y aquellos con hongos gigantes. Todos los demas estas completamente o parcialmente inspirados en su contraparte de la vida real

Gallery[editar | editar código]

Sunrises and Sunsets[editar | editar código]

References[editar | editar código]

  1. https://mojang.com/2013/08/minecraft-world-generator-update
  2. "[Wikipedia:Biome Biome]" on Wikipedia
  3. "biome" on Dictionary.com

See also[editar | editar código]